A General Lecture on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Germany and Europe by Prof. Dr. Frank Bünning
On Friday, March 20 2015, Prof. Dr. Frank Bunning from the Otto-von-Guericke, University Magdeburg, Germany gave his general lecture to the teachers and students of YSU Faculty of Engineering about Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Germany and Europe. The general lecture, which was held in the Faculty Hall, focused on the four models of vocational education according to Grollmann&Rauner. “The first model is through the recruitment systems for practitioners who are experts in their fields. The practitioners are given training in educational management and teaching methods to obtain teaching certificates. The first model can be found in Austria and Denmark,”he said.
“The next model is applied through courses at bachelor and diploma level, that the students will obtain certain qualifications. This model applies in Turkey and Canada,”he continued.
“The third model is taking a degree in undergraduate or postgraduate level. Additional subjects are related to business and engineering. The country applying this model is Finland,” he further explained.
The last model is an integration of concepts in vocational disciplines which are based on the workplace needs and competencies development.
“In Germany, a vocational school teacher needs to spend 7 years to complete his education and intership programs. That is why working as vocational teachers in Germany offers high salaries,”he added.
At the end of his lecture, he suggested that though TVET practices are diverse among countries, vocational education practitioners can refer to curriculum based on UNESCO Framework, which sets the shared criteria of vocational education and instructions for professionals as the foundation for TVET and its sustainability.