Research is a factor which plays a major role in improving the welfare of a nation. Indonesia as a country with natural resource diversity cannot always depend the economy on natural resources.
The recent economic paradigm shifts from a resource-based economy to a research-based economy. To realize the research-based economy, Indonesia still faces some  future challenges, thus needs to find a solution.
Dr. Ir. Muhammadi Dimyati M.Sc as The Director of Research Affirmation, Ministry of Research and Higher Education,  in The 4th International Conference on Educational Research and Innovation (ICERI) at UNY Hotel on Wednesday (11/5/2016). Further he said that education is one of the largest portfolios in several country's fovernment and is one of the potentially greatest return for a country through skills, research, and development of human resources.
"It is not surprising that the government becomes increasingly interested to run education, as it can enhance social and economic aspects." Education not only provides the potential for greater equity, mobility and social cohesion "said Dr. Ir. Muhammadi Dimyati, M.Sc" but also improves the establishment and development of skills ". Assessment of the quality of educational research is now playing an increasingly important role in determining the funds to support the research.
The activity was opened by the Chairman of the LPPM UNY Dr. Suyanta, followed by 165 participants and 74 presenters from Indonesia as well as from foreign countries such as Turkey, the Philippines, and Malaysia. ICERI which lasted for 2 days was held as part of YSU 52 anniversary aimed to bring together practitioners, scientists, educators and students to share their experiences, new ideas, and research findings on all aspects of education, research and innovation. "We also discuss the practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted to develop humanitarian and human quality of life," Dr. Suyanta added.
Prof. Drs. Toho Cholik Mutohir, MA., Ph.D. in his paper said that physical education and sport as an integral part of education plays an important role for self-improvement. The goal is to develop competence so that all children can understand what they are doing in an efficient, effective and safe way. Through quality physical education programs, children learn how to incorporate physical activity and literacy in their life. These programs enhance the physical, mental, emotional and social development of every child and help them understand, improve, and maintain health.
"Physical education and sports curriculum needs to be restructured in accordance with international standards," said the Rector of Mataram Institute of Teaching and Education. The implementation is by designing a new physical education curriculum, the provision of appropriate training centres for teachers as well as other amenities that are important as the success factor in running the strategy to improve the quality of physical education and sport programs. 
Another presenter, Derek W. Patton, Ph.D. from the Asia-Pacific Network for Moral Education in his speech said that in Australia 22% of school children in the first year is susceptible of internal problems such as being shy, depressed or external interferences such as bullying, aggressive or stubborn. They also often fail  to develop social sensitivity. Even at the end of school age, 26.4% of youth aged 16-24 years are involved in drug and alcohol.
"The Virtues Project provides insightful teachers to identify children who are at high risk to help them survive these challenges," Derek suggested. They help change the behavior start kindergarten to elementary  students aged 12 years of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander. "The whole experience with the Virtues Project has been very positive for changing behavior," he said.
Quoting the research in New Zealand about how teachers apply this strategy to eliminate the problematic behaviour in children, teachers then train the parents in the same strategy. Teachers love to teach and parents receive advice from them. 70 schools in New Zealand have been noted to use this project, and some of them have been the subject of studies since they have shown dramatic changes to the behavior of the students. (dedy)
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