UNDERSTANDING AND OVERCOME GENDER VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS FROM BETTER PERSPECTIVES AND COUNSELING
Saturday (24/11) We often hear the term violence, or even witness it. But, do you often hear the term "gender-based violence" abbreviated as KBG? Probably not. Facts on the ground show that not many of us even our teachers understand this. "Even though the facts show that Gender Based Violence (BEC) is a Threat to Adolescents" opens Rita Pranawati, MA, deputy chairman of the KPAI at the National Seminar on Understanding and Addressing Gender Violence in Schools from the Guidance and Counseling Perspective.
Furthermore, Rita added that there are several forms of gender based violence, including sexual, physical, harmful traditional practices, socio-economic and emotional and psychological. From the above definition, we see that BECs are a general term for many types of violence as described above. What is interesting from the definition above is that it includes harmful traditional practices. In the explanation it is said that this practice involves practices such as female genital mutilation, forced or arranged marriage and early marriage.
This was agreed by Lisa Octavia that there was legal assistance in this case. Deputy Director of Rifka Annisa, a non-governmental organization committed to eliminating violence against women explained that legal assistance can be given to women and children victims of violence in solving problems, especially legal processes. In criminal cases direct assistance is carried out, whereas in civil cases the assistance carried out is indirect.
In terms of the Counseling Approach with a Feminist perspective, Dr. Sigit Sanyata, M.Pd revealed that the issue of equality was not understood as an effort to deconstruct gender relations but as a form of equal opportunity. Gender Equality still considers natural roles and functions inherent. According to Sigit, Gender Mainstreaming is the principle of equality in terms of access based on the ability of individuals to access knowledge, power (power), resources and service standards that are important in self-actualization and self-determination.
Efforts to provide understanding and awareness need to be designed by counselors in a program that emphasizes the gender equality paradigm, besides a counselor must present himself as a gender sensitive figure. Another important strategy is to integrate gender equality in the curriculum so that it requires systemic support to formulate gender-sensitive learning processes. Integration of the value of social justice in the field of education can be carried out by education counselors through building awareness, facilitating paradigm changes, implementing curriculum, navigating change, focusing on groups. (ant)