The Center for Research and Development of Disease Vectors and Reservoir will hold various researches from 2015 to 2017 on numerous reservoir hosts. One of them is bat due to the fact that bat is being increasingly recognized as reservoir host for viruses and zoonotic infectious disease for human. Basically, bat has different eating habit and ecosystem so that its toxicity level is different to cause disease on human. In addition, disease can be seen from its bacteria group and hemolytic.
Therefore, four students of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences conducted a research to investigate bacteria group of Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera bat saliva samples at Menoreh karst as the indicator of saliva toxicity. They are Andi Joko Purnomo, Dixy Dhyanti Prillyaning Saraswati, Cici Nurmaidha Tanjung and Muhammad Fajar Fathu Rahman.
The leader of the team, Andi Joko, said that the research was conducted in Hipposideros genus of Megachiroptera bat and Miniopterus as well as Cynopterus genera of Microchiroptera bat. On the two kinds of bat, 93 bactery isolate seen from its morpholy and physiology bacterium.
The research showed 5 bacteria genera, namely Sterptobacillus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Shigella and Bacillus. Microchiroptera is distinguished with Megachiroptera in its β-hemolisis. It is a type of bacteria to break red blood cell. With 86.4% of isolate toxicity, Microchiroptera bat has high tixicity rate on its salive at Menoreh Karst. (dixy/witono)